402-2 C. Costs, Benefits, and Effectiveness Effectiveness: More than half the students served by these special pro- grams for the disadvantaged have completed their course and found employment or progressed into additional training and education. An analysis of 15 State Board evaluations receiving greatest amounts of Federal VEA monies revealed little if any difference in the services provided under this authority and those offered under the basic grant. (E.I) Persons served: In school year 1980-81, the most recent year for which enrollment data are available, an estimated 128,000 disadvantaged aggregated classroom enrollments were reported in vocational education programs. However, data from several States are not available. The special resources for the disadvantaged are intended to provide academically and economically disadvantaged persons with additional services they need to succeed in regular vocational programs. Academically disadvantaged persons include those who have problems reading, writing, or computing, those with limited- English proficiency, and those with other problems. The economically disadvantaged include the unemployed, those on public assistance and resi- dents of correctional or other institutions. (E.I) D. Plans for Program Improvement and Recommendations for Legislation The Department transmitted to Congress proposed legislation consolidating existing vocational legislation. Categorical programs such as Special Programs for the Disadvantaged are included in the consolidated authority. This proposal is in response to the criticism that current legislation lacks an overall theme or purpose and tries to do too much. This criticism is most recently found in reports by the NIE Vocational Education Study and the National Commission on Employment Policy. 21 E. Support 1ngr.rStudies and Analyses Cited in Section C Above: 1. The Secretary's Annual Vocational EducationReport to Congress, 1983. III. RESPONSE TO GEPA 417(b) No further studies related to this program are currently in progress. The Vocational Education Data System (VEDS) which collects data for this program has been suspended until new procedures, approved by the Office of Management and Budget, can be developed* Contactfor further information Program operation: LeRoy A. Cornel son, (202)472-3440 Program studies: Dorothy Shuler, (202)245-836484.